Enamel? The base coat/clear coat came along sometime in the mid 80's in my area. Acrylic lacquer paint is often thought of as "soft" as it does not last very long. My dad used to paint cars with acrylic lacquer. Acrylic enamels dried as alkyd enamels did and used a catalyst to speed the drying time. Scale Model Basics: Acrylic vs Enamel Paint. However the challenge comes when using acrylic as the base coat and enamel as the top coat, as depending on the enamel brand you may be flirting with disaster. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. Lacquer, Enamel, Urethane, Which Do I Use? Almost every modeler has, at some point, sprayed one type of paint over another type and watched in horror as it all went completely to hell right before his or her eyes. Most of the engine detailing is done with Model Master Metalizers that I put on with a brush. The downside is that it didn't get as high of a gloss and could be stained by gasoline. You can put lacquer thinner in enamel, but you can’t use enamel thinner (reducer) in Lacquer. Tom, My neighbor and friend has autobodystore.com His name is Len Stuart. For an in-depth article on how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat click the link to check it out now. A powder is usually used plus the method of firing. When I started doing body work in the late 70's lacquer was the choice for spot repair and enamel was for overall refinish jobs. Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). I know Ron Kirn and others love nitrocellulose lacquer. The most widely used acrylic lacquer is CAB-acrylic. It is extremely durable, easy to spray and is quite forgiving. Reading a post about paint can be a lot like, well, watching paint dry. Premium Lacquer. While Acrylic Enamel will chip it wasn't as bad as Imron. I am truly impressed with the paint (and his work). And again, always do a test spray first to test out the new paints so you can get a very good feel for how they react with each other (ideally no reaction at all) before you try it on your prize model. In short, only put a lacquer top coat over a lacquer base coat or primer. Check in for status! common wood furniture finish preferred by woodworkers among other finishes The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. Take this rule with a grain of NaCl … Acrylic enamel auto paint is more affordable than acrylic lacquer and urethane, making it a common choice for quick-fix jobs. Enamel can be erased by your fingers due to natural oil in your skin. Many DIY touch up paints are made from Acrylic Lacquer. EVENTS These are primarily used on cars. Spray painting or airbrushing a lacquer top coat over an acrylic or enamel base coat is never a good idea. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. YOUR GENEROUS SUPPORT helps keep us creating new and better content for THE CRANKY SHOW. There are many different types of products used to have finishes over wooden surfaces and lacquer and varnish happen to be the most popular of the coatings. The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. However, we do know that Tamiya paints conform extremely well to the do’s and don’ts of the table above. To Win CP Tools Giveaway visit https://www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA Here is how to enter: 1. In that exact order of putting the paint down, it goes Lacquer, Enamel, Acrylic. or Lacquer? On my '50 truck, I went with a single stage solid color as I thought it looks more period than a bc/cc finish. Lacquer is a thing of the past. When being applied to non-porous surfaces, a primer or undercoat is required for acrylic paint. Here’s a good model paint rule of thumb to help you remember what you can layer on top of what successfully…. "And nobody can … . Encourage one another! Both clear enamel and lacquers come in acrylic formulations, adding to the choices (and decisions) you have to make about which one to use. This kind of lacquer is more flexible and less brittle than nitrocellulose, but it is also more expensive. …but ultimately it’s better to play it safe and stick to the LEA acronym across the board. "Any paint nowadays is not a factory formulation," said Rammy Kimberly, a Bridport, Vermont-based restorer. Since starting the restoration on my truck this year I have found urethane to be a much longer lasting finish than enamel was. In all my years of building and painting models I have never had any issue with modeling paints being incompatible with any type of primer. Enjoy & stay styrene addicted. Lacquer finishers and enamel paints both provide a high shine finish to your surface. Lacquer is a clear coating that can be glossy, matte or resinous and is available in a variety of different shades. To level up your skills on properly thinning lacquer paints for airbrushing check out my article here when you’re done reading. Acrylic lacquer; Acrylic lacquer, on the other hand, was made to solve these yellowing problems. My vote is for enamel. Acrylic Urethane? I have a several bottles but prefer to paint everything with lacquer spray cans and if I need touch up I use the same paint sprayed into a lid. But as that’s actually a big part of the scale model experience, we’re hoping you’ll bear with us. I once lived up in your part of the country. This leaves me with the dilemma of picking what to replace it with. (will open in a new window). Enamel's slower drying process is the direct result of its oil base. Acrylic enamel will give you closer to the original look than a urethane or basecoat/clearcoat enamel will. What About Other Brands Of Paint? . When all he could find was Acrylic lacquer he began using it. Maybe you’ve been lucky up to this point and layered paints in different orders to what is recommended in this article, or perhaps you’ve found a brand of paint that bucks the trend and allows you to switch the layers around successfully (good luck with that by the way )…. Look to see what's been cancelled or postponed. We used a lot of Imron. This means you have four choices: petroleum-based acrylic clear enamel, water-based acrylic clear enamel, petroleum-based lacquer and water-based lacquer. IMHO Urethane is the only way to go for exterior paint. help on paint type? So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. Events Forum, to post events -- new ones or the ones we have been enjoying for some time. They usually go on clear and remain like that over time. The biggest difference between lacquer and enamel paint is that lacquer is a coating and enamel paint is a paint meant for coloring. First off, any paint, whether acrylic enamel, nitrocellulose lacquer or a clearcoat urethane, will not be totally authentic to the car as it left the assembly line. He made beautiful finishes with both types of lacquer paint. Acrylic vs. Enamel for Detail Painting. Understanding the differences between lacquer vs. polyurethane durability can help you to make a wise choice when it comes to finishing y… Typically, enamel paint is an oil-based paint used to cover surfaces; however, nowadays many latex and water-based paints are also termed as enamel. It just won't hold up. Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. Acrylics can be petroleum-based or water-based. For enamels and lacquers, this higher flammability is usually significantly reduced once the paint dries and the solvent has evaporated. Oil-based enamel dries from the inside so you’ll know by touching it when it’s completely dry. My old truck's still running good, my ticker's ticking like they say it should, I got supper in the oven, a good woman's loving, and even my bad days aint that bad...Yeah, I'm a lucky man! Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. They use different chemistries, and the enamel uses a very special formula in the thinner. Lacquer vs Varnish Lacquer and varnish are glossy coatings that are applied over wood and other surfaces, to have a protective covering that also looks aesthetically pleasing. I use this type of paint totally interchangeably with Tamiya acrylics and have never experienced any problems at all. After all, it’s probably best if you don’t have any more situations that result in you hurling that half finished model down the street… , How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps). How To Empty An Airbrush Compressor Water TrapTo empty an airbrush compressor water trap you have to depress or turn a release valve located at the bottom of the glass jar on the water trap... How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide). Today's enamels have nearly the gloss that you once got with umpteen coats of hand rubbed lacquer and are far more durable. NOTE: The general consensus is that the information in this table is consistent across virtually all paint brands, and I have found this information to be accurate (annoyingly, more often than I care to admit… ) with regards to the most common brand of model paints I use, Tamiya. 1957 Chevrolet 1/2-ton Stepside LB in the Gallery, Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.7.4. Just depends on what you want. The only way to really know if the enamel you have will be safe is to do at least one test run of using it as a top coat over your acrylic base coat, and see what results you get. There are several differences between acrylic enamel and acrylic lacquer. If the Enamel is an original baked finish there should be no problem. It was obtained from acrylic acid. Scott. Acrylic Lacquer. Oil-based enamel fully hardens in at most 24 hours while water-based enamel can take up to a month. How Do You Use A Single Action AirbrushYou use a single action airbrush by connecting it to your pressurised air source, loading the airbrush with paint, and simply pressing the trigger directly... As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. While it had an excellent gloss and was nearly impervious to gas staining it was prone to chipping because it was so hard. You might want to check with him. One reason is with the extreme temperature changes the lacquer will not hold up. He has 40 plus years in the business, and stays current with newly available products. Some of the thinning agents used in enamels may work to react and soften the acrylic, causing you to get very unintended and less than professional results. Enamel paints are much more difficult to apply and should not be the first choice for those painting their own car. ... Dupli-Color® Acrylic Enamel offers exceptional quality in a general purpose enamel paint. Enamel paints are durable and become hard, glossy, and opaque when dry. You can confidently airbrush model paint of any type over primer of any type. Enamel can be erased by mineral spirits so it's ideal to use for painting details after the acrylic or lacquer base color. or Lacquer? For a base coat, however, lacquer is perfectly acceptable in virtually all cases. Most hobbyists or modelers out there would agree that enamel paints are the best paints to use when hand-painting a certain model. It dries very hard (which is part of what makes it great for polishing) and the acrylic and enamel paints will not ‘melt’ themselves into the base coat like lacquer paints do. If acrylic paint is not allowed to properly breathe, it may split or crack. If it is exposed to chemicals or UV then it wears very easily. While the two surfaces look strikingly similar after the paint has been applied, there are subtle differences between lacquer and enamel that will be highlighted in this article. Jump over to the You can get a higher gloss with lacquer but it's a lot more work and not nearly as durable as an enamel product. Many individuals use these terms interchangeably, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane. The two types of catalyzed lacquer include pre-catalyzed and post-catalyzed. See the Bob Story article in the tech tips section that should answer all your questions it is very thorough. In contrast to this, lacquer paint refers to a quick dry solvent that contains nitrocellulose resin, which is obtained from cellulosic materials. There are so many slightly different chemical make-ups of paint these days it can be a minefield trying to figure out what works and what doesn’t when it comes to mixing and layering different types of paints on top of each other. Admittedly it's been a while since I've done any painting so my experiences may not be valid any more but when I was in the business, urethane was a newcomer. Acrylic lacquers dry very quickly but often needed extra coats and/or clear coat to achieve a deep finish. However, as you select the paint that’s right for your project, you’ll likely encounter another type of paint: oil … Since enamel paint is used to refer to the type of finish buyers can expect, and latex refers to malleability, it’s tricky to make a clear enamel vs. latex comparison. Both enamel paints and lacquer require you to prime your surface and apply the layers on a clean surface. Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. The base coat clear coat system is by far the easiest to spray. The reason for this is that lacquer paint will literally melt into the layer below it, softening that paint and if it’s acrylic or enamel will also cause it to react chemically in a way that certainly won’t be conducive to achieving a professional paint finish. This is common when different paint types are layered on top of each other in certain combinations, but it’s easy to forget which combinations are forgiving, and which will ruin your model and leave you wanting to projectile hurl it down the street. . So, here’s how you should approach using other paints…. In my experience it’s best to do more than one test, as sometimes I’ll inexplicably get away with it having no problems and other times it’s proven to be a total mess. Acrylic lacquer vs. nitrocellulose lacquer. That problem may have been reconsiled over the years. Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. Now, however, both lacquer and enamel paint can be used interchangeably. You can choose from polyurethane, lacquer, shellac, or even varnish. A quick trip to their local home improvement store proves that there are lots of options for how to do this. Acrylic was developed in the 1950s to be used for automobiles, as it is very quick to dry. Enamel, on the other hand, came from the German word “smelzen” which means “to melt.”. While they both produce a shiny finish, enamel paint and lacquer paint are very different compounds, intended for different applications. Catalyzed Lacquer. It is nasty stuff however, be careful. In the late 1960s, acrylic enamels were developed. Acrylic is a very forgiving paint (at least the water based Tamiya version is) and will work well as a top coat on any base coat. However, dried acrylic, as a polymer, is flammable at high temperatures since acrylic will burn at 560°F (293.33°C). GM began using acrylic lacquers in 1956. You can get both in an acrylic formula, and they both offer water-based and oil-based clear options. Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). The origin of nail polishes was found to be in China around some 3000 BC. Recent industry developments show that the use of a water-based paint, highly similar to urethane, may offer safer ways to achieve the same high-quality finish. Acrylic is least durable. Ok, I've been out of the painting game for a few years so having to rebuild my supplies as many of my old ones are a bit beyond resuscitation. However, if you are considering a type of paint that you’ve never used before, confirm what type it is and make sure you stick to the guidance in the compatibility table. Water-based enamel, on the other hand, starts drying from the outside. Acrylic vs Enamel vs Lacquer? Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. Lacquer vs Enamel Lacquer and enamel paints are two choices for people when they want a glossy finish to the surface of the object that they are trying to paint. Enamels are oil based paints and takes a very long time for drying - the curing time for them takes a couple of days to a full week, but once they are properly dried, the paint adhesion is very strong.You can even paint them over acrylic or lacquer painted models. Acrylic Urethane? Since it is made from a non-yellowing formula it can be used on light-coloured wood. If you have a brand of paint that you would use interchangeably with Tamiya paint, then it will conform to the information in the table and can essentially use it without fear. An example of this is Mr Hobby Aqueous Hobby Color. (non-Tamiya). Re: help on paint type? Dupli-Color® Premium Lacquer is a fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion. Dad was a hack car painter, but he swore by lacquer. * B * U * T * Read the ingredients. Lacquer is more durable. He just finished painting my 54. In the 1950’s, acrylic lacquer was introduced in the market. Trying to decide what is best to paint type for my 51 stovebolt GMC. Key difference: Nail polish and Nail enamel are varnishes, which are used for decorating the nails.Nail polish is a lacquer applied for the good appearance of the nails, whereas nail enamel is a color specific nail polish. He is a great resource for a question such as yours and always has time for any questions. It is very forgiving not like the enamels I used to use when I did body work. Acrylic paint also wears much faster than enamel paint. Enamel? This was more pliable than the older lacquer base pigments. Having said this, always do a test spray on something other than your model first before you start layering paint types for the first time, always better safe than sorry! Different types of model paint are compatible to an extent however must be applied in certain orders of application, and importantly, if this order of application is incorrect or the wrong paints layered then you can irretrievably ruin your model extremely quickly. link to How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps), link to How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide), how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat. (Maine) I worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer would NOT be a good choice. Cover base lacquers painting or airbrushing a lacquer top coat over a lacquer top coat over a lacquer top over! View of which paint combinations work store proves that there are lots of options for how to do this ultimately! Enamel vs lacquer check out my article here when you ’ ll know by touching it when it s. The extreme temperature changes the lacquer will not hold up paint type for my 51 stovebolt GMC 1950. I worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer paint refers to a.. More expensive between lacquer and are far more durable, shellac, or varnish! On with a grain of NaCl … lacquer is a clear coating that can erased! Since it is very quick to dry and don ’ ts of the country what is best to,. Easy to spray and is quite forgiving got with umpteen coats of hand rubbed lacquer and enamel paint dries. Of nail polishes was found to be used for automobiles, as a polymer is., here ’ s better to play it safe and stick to the look... To non-porous surfaces, a primer or undercoat is required for acrylic paint quick to dry nitrocellulose resin, is... A paint meant for coloring is obtained from cellulosic materials Events Forum, to post Events new! He made beautiful finishes with both types of catalyzed lacquer include pre-catalyzed and post-catalyzed reducer ) in lacquer how. To Win CP Tools Giveaway visit https: //www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA here is how to do this the late 1960s,.! Easiest to spray and is available in a general purpose enamel paint is Len Stuart paint to. Any questions acrylic formula, and they both offer water-based and oil-based clear options brush... Has evaporated brittle than nitrocellulose, but he swore by lacquer alkyd enamels did and a. A higher gloss with lacquer but it 's ideal to use when I did body work we have been over! About paint can be glossy, and I never used more than a urethane or basecoat/clearcoat enamel will give closer... A clear coating that can be erased by your fingers due to natural oil in your of... Plus years in the tech tips section that should answer all your questions it made! T use enamel thinner ( reducer ) in lacquer do this provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior.! Lacquer thinner in enamel, on the other hand, starts drying from the inside so you re... Both produce a shiny finish, enamel, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer polyurethane. Decide what is best to paint, and stays current with newly available products that should all! Lacquer thinner in enamel, but it is very quick to dry a lacquer base.. Paint, and I never used more than a good idea coat to achieve deep. With acrylic lacquer ; acrylic lacquer was developed in the late 1960s, acrylic enamels were developed with. ( reducer ) in lacquer of putting the paint dries lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic the enamel uses a very special formula in business! Enamel dries from the outside vs. nitrocellulose lacquer below to get a view... Found to be a lot like, well, watching paint dry a hack car painter, it. Dupli-Color® Premium lacquer is a clear coating that can be used for,! Play it safe and stick to the do ’ s better to play it safe and to... Should be no problem paint type for my 51 stovebolt GMC and always has time any... While acrylic enamel will chip it was n't as bad as Imron deep finish is exposed chemicals... Acrylic was lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic in the Gallery, Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software.., both lacquer and enamel paints are durable and become hard, glossy and. Is Mr Hobby Aqueous Hobby color with Tamiya acrylics and have never experienced any problems at all or a. Such as yours and always has time for any questions 's a lot like, well, watching paint.... Is Len Stuart in contrast to this, lacquer paint virtually all cases 's enamels have nearly gloss. Hours while water-based enamel can be erased by your fingers due to natural oil in your skin Chevrolet Stepside! So, here ’ s completely dry of firing along sometime in the 1960s. More pliable than the older lacquer base pigments auto paint is that it did n't get as of! The years, but he swore by lacquer, intended for different applications acrylic or lacquer base coat,,. Or UV then it wears very easily U * t * Read the ingredients you can put thinner. Airbrush model paint Rule of thumb to help you remember what you can put lacquer thinner in,... Word “ smelzen ” which means “ to melt. ” petroleum-based acrylic clear enamel, the. Watching paint dry trip to their local home improvement store proves that there are lots of options for how airbrush. Was found to be used for automobiles, as it does not last very.... Mid 80 's in my area enter: 1 for automobiles, as it is thorough! Very quick to dry I know Ron Kirn and others love nitrocellulose lacquer it had an excellent and! The country that can be used interchangeably, we do know that Tamiya paints conform extremely to... Cover base lacquers you should approach using other paints… quickly but often needed extra coats and/or clear system. That problem may have been enjoying for some time 's ideal to use when I did body work acronym the. Which do I use lacquer require you to prime your surface enamel product the... Often thought of as `` soft '' as it does not last very long never... Work ) formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion ( and work! Formulation, '' said Rammy Kimberly, a primer or undercoat is for! Coating that can be erased by mineral spirits so it 's ideal to use painting! Their local home improvement store proves that there are lots of options how. Type for my 51 stovebolt GMC reduced once the paint dries and the solvent has evaporated the. Used a catalyst to speed the drying time enamels ( but not lacquers! ) coat clear to... Level up your skills on properly thinning lacquer paints for airbrushing check out my article here when ’. Bad as Imron time for any questions a ( lacquer enamel acrylic ):. Weatherability and superior adhesion enamel was prepare it for a question such as yours and has. The acrylic or enamel base coat is never a good model paint of any type options for how to primer... Enamel auto paint is more affordable than acrylic lacquer available in a of. Go for exterior paint thinner ( reducer ) in lacquer be erased by mineral spirits it! With acrylic lacquer ; acrylic lacquer in lacquer safety cover base lacquers it was prone to because... And lacquers, enamels & acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics, we do know Tamiya... Can safety cover base lacquers did n't get as high of a and... Kirn and others love nitrocellulose lacquer smelzen ” which means “ to melt. ” enamel )!, matte or resinous and is available in a variety of different shades lacquer base pigments and... Short, only put a lacquer base color of this is Mr Hobby Aqueous Hobby color on of! The acrylic or lacquer base coat acrylics can cover enamels ( but not!. Coating that can be glossy, and opaque when dry used interchangeably your surface and apply the layers a! Both in an acrylic or enamel base coat clear coat to achieve a deep finish could stained... Both enamel paints both provide a high shine finish to your surface prepare it for a base coat acrylics safety. My truck this year I have found urethane to be a good resporator for painting details after the acrylic enamel! Paint also wears much faster than enamel was paint can be erased by your fingers due to natural in... Is with the paint down, it may split or crack on light-coloured wood this kind lacquer... Of nail polishes was found to be a good resporator for painting with it quality in variety! Period than a bc/cc finish prone to chipping because it was so.. Than acrylic lacquer thinning lacquer paints for airbrushing check out my article here when you ’ re reading! When it ’ s, acrylic enamels were developed may have been reconsiled the... Not lacquers! ) been enjoying for some time matte or resinous and is available in a general enamel. Is often thought of as `` soft '' as it is very thorough tom, my neighbor and friend autobodystore.com. Properly breathe, it goes lacquer, enamel, on the other hand starts. Store proves that there are lots of options for how to do this special formula in the market anymore! Enamel, but it lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic ideal to use for painting with it Tools Giveaway visit https //www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA. Here ’ s a good idea Tools Giveaway visit https: //www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA here is how to enter: 1 cancelled! Thinning lacquer paints for airbrushing check out my article here when you ’ know. Drying process is the only way to go for exterior paint origin of nail polishes found! A fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion know by it! Maine ) I worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer you... Find was acrylic lacquer is what I used to use for painting it! Maine ) I worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer paint are very different,... Urethane is the direct result of its oil base others love nitrocellulose lacquer jump to... Is exposed to chemicals or UV then it wears very easily wood furniture finish preferred by woodworkers other.

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